Seduced by Logic: Émilie du Châtelet, Mary Somerville, and the Newtonian Revolution - by Robyn Arianrhod
Émilie du Châtelet, an 18th-century French mathematician and physicist, and 19th-century Scottish polymath Mary Somerville, were both well-known figures in the scientific circles of their day -- and deservedly so. In addition to translating Isaac Newton's Principia
into French, du Châtelet predicted infrared radiation, devised a financing system similar to modern-day derivatives (in order to pay off gambling debts), and formulated an equation (E ∝ mv²) that demonstrated the correct relationship between energy, mass, and velocity. Meanwhile, Somerville, one of the first women members of the Royal Astronomical Society, authored several influential books on the sciences and, most notably, introduced Pierre-Simon Laplace's Mécanique Céleste
to a broader audience by producing an annotated English translation with extensive commentary.